Distance education

distance education in india

Pankaj Singhm, director of Nims University"distance learning benefits may outweigh the disadvantages for students in such a technology-driven society; however before indulging into use of educational technology a few more disadvantages should be considered.

After World War Iuniversity-owned radio stations became commonplace in the United States, with more than such stations broadcasting recorded educational programs by Students and institutions embrace distance learning with good reason. Early history of distance learning Correspondence schools in the 19th century Geographical isolation from schools and dispersed religious congregations spurred the development of religious correspondence education in the United States in the 19th century.

Most often, electronic communications, such as e-mailare used, but traditional forms of communication, such as the postal systemmay also play a role.

characteristics of distance education

Additionally, though distance education offers industrial countries the opportunity to become globally informed, there are still negative sides to it.

The first new and fully online university was founded in as the Open University of Cataloniaheadquartered in Barcelona, Spain. Students are not required to be together at the same time.

nature of distance education

In the United States, William Rainey Harperfirst president of the University of Chicagocelebrated the concept of extended education, whereby the research university had satellite colleges in the wider community.

Most nonreligious mail-order correspondence courses emphasized instruction in spelling, grammar, business letter compositionand bookkeeping, but others taught everything from developing esoteric mental powers to operating a beauty salon.

Distance education courses

Social networking on the Internet promotes the idea of community building. The element of student feedback was a crucial innovation of Pitman's system. Mail correspondence, which is the oldest form of distance education, is an asynchronous delivery technology, as are message board forums, e-mail , video and audio recordings , print materials, voicemail , and fax. In synchronous learning, all participants are "present" at the same time. The results of a study of Washington state community college students showed that distance learning students tended to drop out more often than their traditional counterparts due to difficulties in language, time management, and study skills. Some open universities have grown to become mega-universities, [31] a term coined to denote institutions with more than , students. Universities benefit by adding students without having to construct classrooms and housing, and students reap the advantages of being able to work where and when they choose. By , online learning programs were available in the United States in 44 states at the K level. The issue soon boiled down to which institutions had degree -granting powers and which institutions did not. Over the last few years[ when? With these telepresence robots, the remote students have a seat at the table or desk instead of being on a screen on the wall.

However, many of the techniques developed and lessons learned with earlier media are used in Internet delivery.

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Centre for Distance Education (CDE)