Libraries, public reading rooms and literary societies all added to the growth of reading. The Aristocrats at the top, the nobles, who were the middle class and the rest were known as the Third estate, who were made up of commoners, merchants, lawyers and doctors.
It was important that the public agreed with the French monarchy in order to keep things running smoothly. The final phase of the Hundred Years War was fought between these competing factions, resulting in a Valois victory at the Battle of Castillon inputting an end to any meaningful claims of the English monarchs over the throne of France, though English and later British monarchs would continue to use the title "King of France" until Although King Louis XIV did have some part to play, the collapse was due to combined social, political and economic conditions.
The royal family had left the Palace early in the morning to seek refuge with the Assembly nearby.
He was exiled to the Island of Elba. King Louis and his ministers were very slow to make decisions about the constitution which prolonged the conflict. However, he grew more and more conservative, and when a new revolution started because of a very tense economic and social climate in the country, he fled to Great-Britain.
Along their path, villages were set ablaze, women were violated by entire battalions, civilians were slaughtered. However, he was recognised during the trip, in Varennes, and brought back to Paris.
When they met at the convocation of the Estates General to discuss constitutional matters, Necker tried to persuade the privileged order to sacrifice their traditional forms and immunities, however it was not possible.
When the monarchy was abolished, he saw it as something that would help his country.