Writing a lit review for research paper

How to write a literature review for dummies

Note these concepts and then write a brief summary about how the article incorporates them. Link to the article Additional sources on writing literature reviews Further information on the literature review process may be found below:. Objectivity -- is the author's perspective even-handed or prejudicial? Rule 6: Be Critical and Consistent Reviewing the literature is not stamp collecting. Accessed May Sometimes you may need to quote certain terminology that was coined by the author, not common knowledge, or taken directly from the study. For example, what might cultural anthropologists say about the continuing conflict in the Middle East? Do not use extensive quotes as a substitute for your own summary and interpretation of the literature. Fourth edition. Use Caution When Paraphrasing When paraphrasing a source that is not your own, be sure to represent the author's information or opinions accurately and in your own words. University of Canberra. The type of information you choose to mention should relate directly to the research problem, whether it is thematic, methodological, or chronological. Citing and creating a reference list in your manuscript can be done either manually or by using reference management tools like Endnote from Clarivate analytics. Your interpretation of the available sources must be backed up with evidence [citations] that demonstrates that what you are saying is valid. An effective literature review is important for the complete life cycle of a research from defining the right research goals to correctly interpreting and presenting the research results.

University of Canberra. Types of Literature Reviews Literature reviews can differ in structure, length, and amount and breadth of content included. Determine important concepts depending on the length of your article that are discussed in the literature; take notes about all of the important aspects of this study relevant to your topic being reviewed.

In other words, a chronological review would have subsections for each vital time period; a thematic review would have subtopics based upon factors that relate to the theme or issue.

Having read the review with a fresh mind, reviewers may spot inaccuracies, inconsistencies, and ambiguities that had not been noticed by the writers due to rereading the typescript too many times.

sample literature review for research paper

New York: Oxford University Press, What other sections you include in the body is up to you but include only what is necessary for the reader to locate your study within the larger scholarship framework. A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or a reshuffling, of that information in a way that informs how you are planning to investigate a research problem.

Literature review outline

History: the chronological progression of the field, the literature, or an idea that is necessary to understand the literature review, if the body of the literature review is not already a chronology. The choice between different review types will have to be made on a case-by-case basis, depending not just on the nature of the material found and the preferences of the target journal s , but also on the time available to write the review and the number of coauthors [15]. Rule 3: Take Notes While Reading If you read the papers first, and only afterwards start writing the review, you will need a very good memory to remember who wrote what, and what your impressions and associations were while reading each single paper. It is important to keep track of your sources with citations to avoid plagiarism. The need to keep a review focused can be problematic for interdisciplinary reviews, where the aim is to bridge the gap between fields [18]. Keep Your Own Voice While the literature review presents others' ideas, your voice [the writer's] should remain front and center. Use Quotes Sparingly Some short quotes are okay if you want to emphasize a point, or if what an author stated cannot be easily paraphrased. The details are described below: Introduction: Systematic reviews begin with specific research questions that are defined in terms of the samples and research outcomes to be studied.
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How to Write a Literature Review